Disciples or Consumers?
I’ve been contemplating disciple-making quite a bit recently and I remembered this video put out last year by the Verge Network. Thought it was worth looking at again.
Part Two of a Four-Part Series (Part One can be found here)
Luke 10:1-12 is a key text for those who want to live a sent life. Here are my presuppositions about this section. Living sent is not for a select few, for professional ministers only, for pastoral staff or missionaries or the extremely gifted. Jesus appointed seventy-two others, the laity, and sent them out to do what he did. With this passage Jesus is explaining how to go about finding the people that will become his disciples. I think this text is describing a way of life for every follower of Jesus.
In Luke 10:3-4 Jesus gives a second directive for how we are to make disciples who make disciples. Jesus simply says, “Go!” Why? Because the fields are ripe for harvest. The crop is dangerously close to rotting in the field. And as we go he sends us with a sense of vulnerability, dependency, and urgency.
Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road.
Jesus sends his followers out as vulnerable baby sheep (lambs) among savage wolves. He likens the task of finding and making disciples to a high stakes mission where the sent one might get eaten. Why? Because making disciples is a dangerous proposition. However, sheep in the pen are in no danger or threat of being eaten by our enemy. So Jesus pushes us out of the fold to where his lost sheep are. But our vulnerability in the field isn’t a liability. It’s an opportunity to depend upon Jesus, “that Great Shepherd of the sheep who will equip you with everything good for doing his will,” as Hebrews 13:21 says. We may be vulnerable and powerless, but he isn’t.
Frequently I hear pastors bemoaning the lack of involvement of the men in their congregations. Maybe John Eldredge was right with his book Wild at Heart? Maybe more men aren’t engaged in disciple making because we’ve bored them with our picture of Christianity. Could our desire for a safe, suburban Christian experience have undermined our disciple making mission more than we realize? I have a hunch; recapture the dangerous urgency of the disciple making mission and men will follow.
Jesus also sends his followers out provisionless. “Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals.” Jesus stripped the seventy-two of the extra, ancillary things unnecessary to the disciple making task. In sending them out provisionless he was preparing them to be dependent on him.
Sometimes I think the wealth of resources available to us here in the West has hindered our disciple making more than it has helped. We’ve become dependent on our wealth, resources, curriculum, clever strategies, ministry fads and latest disciple making schemes so much so that we’ve forgotten how to depend upon the Great Shepherd himself. That Jesus sends his followers out provisionless, utterly dependent on Him for survival and success, tells us something about the disciple making task. He is the only provision we really need. Do you believe that? Does your disciple making activity prove that belief?
The disciple making task is such an urgent task that Jesus instructs his followers to forgo the lengthy, customary greeting of the day to get on with the business at hand. “Greet no one on the road.” These words scream urgency. Time is of the essence. The harvest fields are white!
Most wide-spread, spontaneous disciple making movements that I can think of off the top of my head have operated with this sense of urgency. Maybe one of the reasons we haven’t seen a disciple making movement in the West is because our churches and families have become urgent about the wrong things. I can think of a hundred other good, church related activities that, frankly, have become more urgent than my calling as a disciple maker.
If you are a church leader here is where you can really model for your people the heart of Jesus. As much as you are able, prayerfully cultivate this sense of urgency. Help your people see what’s at stake. The Amber Alert has already been posted. Lost sheep are in danger of being eaten by wolves. So, sound the alarm but not in an alarmist kind of way. Rally the fold to the Shepherd who will then lead his sheep.
Go vulnerably. Go dependently. Go urgently. Does that describe how you go about making disciples? Live sent!
Coming soon…Part Three
(Part One can be found here)
I recently finished reading The Organic Reformation by Tom Johnston and Mike Chong Perkinson. I have to say, while the book isn’t the greatest book ever written, it is unquestionably a timely book worth reading. It’s thoughtful, well-reasoned and has some theological depth to it.
As with many pastoral resources published these days the underlying premise is that something is wrong with the Church in the West (see also The Forgotten Ways, Organic Church, Simple Church, ad infinitum). For example, some of my favorite quotes…
The Body of Christ in the West has [a genetic flaw] – it is unhealthy through flawed spiritual DNA – and it can’t reproduce.
Many are Christianized, know the Bible, the principles of holy living, but have not met Christ or do not meet with the Christ daily – instead meeting with the principles and practice, and not the Person.
The compartmentalization and mechanization of the modern Western Church is resisting the natural life-flow of the Kingdom. Churches are now processing factories and production plants, attempting to mass produce Christians through their programming.
We have nullified the call to discipleship by substituting a call to belief and attendance.
The culture is slipping into the hands of the Enemy. The Church has been self-marginalized and continues to decline in the West – the only place on the planet where it is not growing.
And my absolute favorite,
Many ‘leaders’ in churches are simply mid-level program managers, and not missionally focused at all.
If you don’t buy this diagnosis then the book is probably not worth reading. However, if you’re in agreement that something is not quite right, that the Bride of Christ is a bit beleaguered, then this book is worth a read. And here’s why. Many of the books that attempt to fix the Church’s woes prescribe pragmatic fixes. Johnston and Perkinson buck this trend by prescribing a principle. And in my mind, a principled solution always trumps a pragmatic solution.
The heart of the book is the call to reorient all of life around the Irreducible Core of loving God, loving people, and making disciples. The beauty of a principled response to church health is that,
The Irreducible Core (IC) functions as a powerful and simple framework that allows every pastor and leader to frame their ministry around the heart of Jesus. The beauty of the IC is that it can flex into a myriad of traditions and forms and still be the IC.
Johnston and Perkinson see the IC as a “New Testament Shema” or “Shema 2.0” and the summation of what it means to be a disciple of Jesus. The Irreducible Core lived out means that as a way of life believers are encountering and knowing God and His love for them, they are learning how to love Him through every aspect of their life, they are living in such a way that the love of God flows out of them as love for others, and as rabbis themselves every believer is teaching others to do the same. In their words,
We think you can do more than this and be a Christian. However, we do not think you can do less than this and be a disciple of Jesus.
When you think about it, that’s a pretty radical statement!
If every believer were to reorient life around this Irreducible Core there would be verifiable outcomes in the life of the disciple—think metrics here. They would believe what Jesus believed (transformed mind), live as Jesus lived (transformed character), love as Jesus loved (transformed relationships), minister as Jesus ministered (transformed service), and lead as Jesus led (transformed influence). Those are soft metrics indeed but metrics that get us much closer to real church health than the hard metrics most churches rely on. In short, an IC way of life would lead to a movement of disciple-making disciples. And that, in my mind, is a healthy church.
Now on to one small critique. For me, having on occasion led workshops and spoken publicly about the need for many of the changes Johnston and Perkinson prescribe, the most poignant part of the book was a too short section on obstacles and objections—things that keep this kind of organic reformation from taking root. Johnston and Perkinson highlight five blockers:
Thought blockers (2 Corinthians 10:3-5) – inculcated ways of thinking that have become encrustations on the ship of the Kingdom.
Theological blockers (John 5:39-40) – theological, doctrinal or worldview issues which prevent an organic movement from being formed.
Cultural blockers – church and denominational cultures, perhaps originally birthed in revival or renewal, or even the Protestant Reformation, which now stand in the way of the future thing God wants us to do.
Polity blockers – governmental systems that are built around ‘command and control’ versus ‘empower and release’
Systemic blockers – within each group, church, network or denomination there may be systemic things present that can restrict the life of Christ moving.
I think their assessment is right on; I’ve seen these blockers operative in the audiences I’ve addressed. I just wish they had taken more effort to expand and explain these things as well as share how they’ve dealt with these issues when they have faced them.
Again, there is much to commend in this book and not much I disagreed with. If you are tired of pragmatic solutions to doing church, this book is for you. If you are a “submitted subversive” and in the position of leading church, denomination, or organizational change, this book is for you. If you long to see the Kingdom Way of Life lived out in your family, this book would be a good place to start.
Bottom Line: The Organic Reformation is a book worth reading a second time, which makes it better than most church books out there.