Every Believer A Missionary

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My hope is that this blog helps catalyze the following vision: every believer a missionary resulting in a Holy Spirit directed spontaneous expansion of the Church. I’ve heard it said in response to this vision that if everybody is a missionary then nobody is a missionary. The words of the late missiologist J. Herbert Kane summarize this objection.

The Chinese have a proverb: If two men feed a horse, it will lose weight; if two men keep a boat, it will soon leak. What is everybody’s job is nobody’s job. If every Christian is a missionary, missionary work is bound to suffer. It is correct to say that every Christian is, or should be, a witness. It is not correct to say that every Christian is a missionary.

When missiologists make statements like this they are wanting to preserve the important task of carrying the gospel across cultural boundaries to those who owe no allegiance to Christ. If missions is defined as everything the Church does, what’s lost is the notion of going somewhere to minister cross-culturally. Without crossing cultural boundaries, everybody’s job becomes nobody’s job and true missionary work suffers. I get that. I understand the reasoning. And I agree-for the most part.

Not everyone is able to pack up their family, move overseas, and cross significant cultural and linguistic boundaries for the sake of the gospel. By the way, missiologists call this E3 evangelism. So, yes, in this sense not everybody is a missionary. However, every believer is called to participate in the Great Commission through neighbor to neighbor missions. Missiologists call this E1 evangelism, if no significant cultural or linguistic boundaries are crossed.

It’s at this point that I would like to push back on the missiologist and widen the definition of a missionary. Just because the cultural distance traversed through E1 evangelism isn’t great doesn’t mean the boundaries crossed are insignificant. Often times the most daunting boundary to meaningful engagement with the gospel is, for example, the backyard fence separating neighbors. The person who prayerfully overcomes that boundary has done the work of a missionary; this is more than being a witness.

So, not every believer is a missionary in the E3 sense but everybody is a missionary in the E1 sense. Some believers will cross great boundaries to bring about meaningful engagement with the gospel. Others will cross smaller, less daunting boundaries. Both are missionaries because boundaries have been crossed. It’s with this nuance that I suggest the vision of every believer a missionary resulting in a Holy Spirit directed spontaneous expansion of the church.

Do the work of a missionary. What is everybody’s job is in fact everybody’s job. Cross those boundaries. Live sent!

Steve Moore on Cities

It would be impossible to complete whatever portion of the Great Commission God has ordained for our generation without giving increasing priority to cities.

This statement comes from Steve Moore of Missio Nexus. I think he’s right on. It’s estimated that by 2050 70% of the world’s population will live in urban centers. That’s 70% of 11 billion people. Yet Christians aren’t flowing to cities as quickly as the rest of the world. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see the problem. Missions must increasingly become city focused in order to be faithful to the Great Commission.

Historical Lessons from the Decline of the German Church

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In light of our pending transition to Berlin I’m trying to brush up on my German history, especially Germany’s ecclesiastical history. The paragraph below is from an entry in the Encyclopedia of Christianity (Eerdmans) entitled “Christianity in Germany.” 

Such practical achievements (the material prosperity of the German State Church following reunification) must be offset by the undoubted fact of the diminution of the churches’ influence in the general population. As in other western European countries, the spread of secular humanism has led to widespread abandonment of church attendance, especially in the cities, such as Berlin, where the percentage of the population attending church services was already notably low 100 years ago. Debate continues as to the extent to which this crisis of belief was caused by rejection of traditional Christian orthodox doctrines, or how far it was the result of external factors, such as the repressive actions of both the Nazi and Communist dictatorships. It is notable, however, that the overthrow of these repressive systems did not lead to a re-Christianization of German society, despite vigorous efforts by church authorities to achieve that end. A more durable explanation for the churches’ striking decline in prestige and credibility must be seen in the political behavior of the churches themselves, such as their overenthusiastic endorsement of extreme German nationalism and their misuse of theology to justify German war aims. So too the readiness of some church leaders to give approval to both the Nazi and Communist systems has induced a sense of disillusionment among a more skeptical population.

This paragraph caught my attention for a number of reasons. First, secular humanism figured prominently in the decline of the German Church. I think it figures prominently in the potential decline of the church here in the States. Secular humanism simply means thinking and pursuing a way of life without reference to God or religion. Based upon what I’m learning, Berlin is the world’s epicenter for secular humanism. The need for the Gospel in Germany, and especially Berlin, is great. I believe faithful and effective ministry in Berlin can serve as an example for churches that are struggling to deal with the ever-strengthening grip of secular humanism here in the States.

Second, the spread of secular humanism matters. You should care about it. The spread of secular humanism matters in the sense that the destruction of the rain forest matters or the possible extinction of honey bees matters. In other words, its spread is a big deal. The words in the article, “widespread abandonment of church attendance,” should haunt us. If this decline happened in Germany, the fountainhead of the Reformation, it can happen here in the States. Germany is a generation or two ahead of us in terms of the full flowering of a secular humanist way of life. Pastors and churches here who are unwilling to face the onslaught of this relentless impending storm, will end up overseeing churches in rapid decline. A ‘sandbagging’ mentality, where churches hunker down hoping to ride out this storm, won’t survive to pass on the faith to the next generation.

Third, the decline of the Church in Europe has been a catastrophic decline. Words alone fail to do it justice. Consider the following graphs highlighting the percent change in Evangelicals around the world during the past century (source: Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 4.)

In the past century Evangelicalism increased at an almost exponential rate in the Global South and in Asia. What has happened in Europe? The exact opposite. Shocking, isn’t it? There are 739 million people in Europe. The need for missionaries to serve Christ and His Kingdom in Europe is as great as any place in the world.

Obviously the reasons for this decline are vastly more complex than simply chalking the decline up to secular humanism alone. I realize that. However, as the article I quoted points out, the decline of the German Church began well before the catastrophic external events of the twentieth century (repressive Nazi and Communist regimes, church endorsement of extreme German nationalism, etc.) And the re-Christianization of Germany has largely failed even after Nazism and Communism were no longer threats. Some other force contributing to the decline was in play. This leads me to believe the greatest contributing factor to this decline was in fact the secular humanism spawned by the German Enlightenment. 

The good news is that God is at work in Berlin and in Germany. And the good news is that the rate of Church decline here in the States, if there is a decline-and that’s still debatable, won’t happen at the same rate as in Germany. The factors contributing to a decline here would be vastly different than those that caused the decline in Europe. But ‘vastly different’ is not ‘wholly different.’ Europe is our conjoined twin. We can’t ignore her. Instead, we must learn from Europe’s past. And we must keep a watchful eye on the progress of the Gospel in Europe’s future-especially in places like Berlin. 

Success in Missions is a Foregone Conclusion

The following is from a devotional by John Piper called “Then the End Will Come.” May it encourage you as much as it encouraged me. Live sent!
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This gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come. (Matthew 24:14)

I don’t know any more inspiring missionary promise than this word from Jesus.

Not: This gospel should be preached. Not: This gospel might be preached.

But: This gospel will be preached.

This is not a great commission, nor a great commandment. It is a great certainty, a great confidence.

Who can dare talk like that? How does he know it will? How can he be sure the church will not fail in its missionary task?

Answer: The grace of missionary service is as irresistible as the grace of regeneration. Christ can promise universal proclamation because he is sovereign. He knows the future success of missions because he makes the future. All the nations will hear!

A “nation” is not a modern “country.” When the Old Testament spoke of nations, it referred to groups like Jebusites and Perizites and Hivites and Amorites and Moabites and Canaanites and Philistines. “Nations” are ethnic groups with their own peculiar culture. Psalm 117:1: “Praise the Lord, all nations! Extol him, all peoples!”

As the sovereign Son of God and Lord of the church, Jesus simply took up this divine purpose and stated as an absolute certainty: “This gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world as a testimony to all the nations.”

The cause of world missions is absolutely assured of success. It cannot fail. Is it not reasonable, then, that we pray with great faith, that we invest with great confidence, and that we go with a sense of sure triumph?

Last Sunday more Christian believers attended church in China than in all of so-called ‘Christian Europe.

My old history professor Mark Noll made this comment in the introduction to his book “The New Shape of World Christianity.”  (You can read the intro and an excerpt of the book here.) To think that Europe is Christianized and has no need of missionaries is flat out wrong.  Of all the places in the world, it may be the place of greatest need. Live sent!

It is possible to make the institution the end. But if it is dangerous to make souls of men our end, it is doubly dangerous to make an institution.

Source: Roland Allen, Essential Missionary Principles, p. 90-91. Allen’s warning is simple and clear. The end is Christ. Not soul winning. Not even the institution you serve. It’s Christ plus nothing. Christ plus something, even if it’s a good thing, is idolatry. If something other than Christ becomes the end for which we seek, rest assured, the missionary impulse of the individual or the institution will die or has already died. We lament not being missional enough and lament fossilized institutions. Instead, we should lament the fact that we’ve made the first and most important thing secondary or tertiary. That’s the only way to recover the missionary impulse. Live sent!